India - Mauritius: An Umbilical Relation | Vivekananda International Foundation
History of Bilateral Relations | Influence of the Indian National Movement Diplomatic relations between India and Mauritius were established in Diplomatic relations between India and Mauritius were established in Mauritius maintained contacts with India through successive Dutch, French and. Relations with Asian giants are central to development plans.
India Mauritius Trade Relations
Its current population is primarily constituted of European settlers as well as African, Indian and Chinese immigrants. The French were the first permanent settlers on the Island following French colonisation in Under French rule, the Island thrived and sugarcane cultivation prospered.
Slaves were brought from different parts of mainland Africa, including Mozambique and Madagascar. Later on, the British took over the Island in and following the abolition of slavery inIndian indentured labourers were brought from Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and other parts of India to work in the sugar cane plantations in place of the former slaves. The Indians brought a radical and permanent change in the ethnic composition of the population of the Island, making up its two-thirds population by The Indo-Mauritians are divided along religious lines between Hindus and Muslims, and Hindus are further divided along class, linguistic and caste lines.
Within a few decades of their arrival, the Indian labourers became, and still remain the largest population group on the Island. Chinese immigrants arrived since the early 's and most of them got involved with trade and the retail sector.
The different groups of migrants contributed to the diversity of the current population such that Mauritius has become one of the most ethnically heterogeneous nations. The population is presently composed of four ethnic groups and four major religious groups, namely, the Franco-Mauritians and Creoles who are Catholic; the Indian community, Muslim and Hindu; and the small Chinese community, either Buddhist or Catholic. In postcolonial Mauritius, political rule has been dominated by Hindus, although the political institutions in the country have ensured representation of the different ethnic groups.
India-Mauritius Relationship: An Enduring Friendship
This fosters a feeling of justice and equity in terms of representation of diverse interests. Also, this has been a major factor which has enabled Mauritius to maintain peace and political stability despite the prevalence of ethnic fragmentation in Mauritian society. Diasporic identification and connections therefore remain strong in post-colonial Mauritius and the government has maintained good relations with the native countries or homelands of the ancestors of the Mauritian population.
India has offered expertise and funding to help Mauritius move from its traditional economy of sugarcane and tourism. The Island has also benefited from assistance from India in civilian structures, building infrastructure, health, science and technology, information technology, building and consolidating the capacities of Mauritius as a financial services hub and now a petroleum hub.
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India provides scholarships for Mauritians wishing to pursue higher studies in India and sponsors the promotion of Indian culture and languages through educational institutions such as the Mahatma Gandhi Institute, the Rajiv Gandhi Science Centre, Indira Gandhi Centre for Indian Culture, among others. Both India and Mauritius share several cultural, historical, linguistic and literary similarities.
Mauritius celebrates its National Day on that day as a mark of respect to Mahatma Gandhi. India and Mauritius certainly have a privileged relationship, but the Indo-Mauritians do not just promote the interests of their country of origin in Mauritius; their status in the Island is closely linked to the image of India in the international arena.
In fact, Mauritius has also always been governed by leaders from Indian origin since its independence inwith the exception of a short-term Berenger Prime Minister from to I am sure the feeling is mutual and the same love exists on Mauritian side also.
India-Mauritius relations are not based on regional geo-polity but their foundation lies in strong social and cultural bonds, historical traditions and our shared rich heritage.
INDIA-MAURITIUS BILATERAL RELATIONS
The people who went to Mauritius from India took their language, customs, traditions, religious beliefs with them to their new abode. As a result our ties are deep rooted and identities so common that culturally we cannot be separated from each other.
The brief stopover by Mahatma Gandhi en route to India from South Africa in is still etched in the consciousness of Mauritius. The visit of Barrister Manilal Doctor in on the suggestions of Gandhiji helped the Mauritian Indian community to organize themselves and laid the foundation of the struggle for political and social rights. As a tribute to Gandhiji and the Indian freedom struggle, the national day of Mauritius is celebrated on March 12 the day Dandi March was started by Gandhi ji.
The Indian Diaspora, today, has grown into an energetic and confident community of over 30 million that has given India a presence in all the continents of the world. It makes all Indians proud when the overseas Indian community is recognized for its work culture, discipline, social values and capacity to integrate successfully with the local community and respect their traditions.
Sincediplomatic relations between India and Mauritius have continually deepened and today they touch diverse areas of cooperation. The rich bilateral relations could be seen from our wide range of agreements and MoUs which include vivid areas including taxation, Air Services, science and technology, tourism, environment, traditional system of medicine, among others.
It is a matter of satisfaction that India is largest trading partner of Mauritius and has been the largest exporter of goods and services to Mauritius since India and Mauritius also enjoy close cultural and educational ties. India is one among the most favourite destinations of Mauritian students for higher education.
It is also encouraging to note that several Indian educational institutions have also started functioning in Mauritius. We recall how Mauritius had made great strides in economic development by a set of sound policies since the times of Sir Anerood Jugnauth.