Portraits of Cats Dressed in Matching Outfits with Their Owners — The Bold Italic — San Francisco
Cat owners dress to match their pets in portrait series If kinship and romantic relationships can be conveyed through matching outfits, what. More pet owners are going all out for the holidays. Paterson Animal Control makes gift boxes for pets Tariq Zehawi, NorthJersey points out that while Christmas-themed outfits for pooches are ubiquitous, canine wear devoted to Hanukkah Their relationships with their human are very straightforward. 3 days ago Dog pajamas allow owners to curl up with their pets in matching outfits Just so you know, TODAY does have affiliate relationships. So, while.
Attachment, caregiving behaviour and separation anxiety Attachment and separation anxiety are related concepts.
According to Bowlby [ 15 ], securely attached children have the confidence that the attachment figure will be available and accessible if needed, thus they are less anxious during separation. Sensitive and responsive parenting consists of synchrony, mutuality, emotional support, positive attitude and stimulation [ 23 ].
In parallel with the theoretical assumptions, researchers found that insecurely attached children are more prone to show separation anxiety than securely attached children [ 2425 ]. In summary, higher extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and lower neuroticism seem to be associated with more secure adult attachment [ 3940 ], or for a meta-analytic review see [ 43 ] and a warmer and more sensitive parenting e.
The etiology of SRD in dogs: McCrave [ 47 ] reported an increased prevalence of SRD in mixed breed dogs. However, mixed breed dogs are represented in a large percentage among shelter dogs [ 48 ] and staying in a shelter can contribute to the development of SRD [ 4749 ].
SRD is reported more often in male dogs than in females [ 50 — 52 ]. In a previous study [ 50 ] we showed that dogs with SRD do not use the owner as a secure base. These dogs are very distressed upon separation and they cannot be easily calmed down by the return of the owner. During separation, they do not use an object substitution of the owner for self-reassurance, as typical dogs do.
Two studies [ 5055 ] reported that SRD dogs do not show more affection toward the owner expressed by e. Owners of aggressive dogs were reported to be emotionally less stable, more disciplined and tense than owners of non-aggressive dogs [ 59 ].
However, in a previous experimental study [ 50 ] we showed that owners perceive correctly the separation and greeting behaviour of their dog: Additionally, dogs that were rated by their owners to have SRD showed more stress-related behavior during separation in the behaviour test than dogs without owner-reported SRD.
This can lead to insecure attachment, and — as a consequence—SRD in their dogs.Cats Welcoming Owners Home Compilation 2015 [NEW]
We base this assumption on the human literature: Finally, we predicted also that more neurotic dogs given their increased proneness to stress reaction would have more often SRD. Method Subjects Two separate studies were performed in Hungary and Germany using the same methodology. The sample of the dogs was random and non-clinical.
Dogs were not screened for the presence of SRD in advance. The criteria of inclusion were that the dog had to be at least 1 year old and had to live together with the owner for at least half a year. Due to practical reasons communication problem with the owners not all questionnaires were filled out by all Hungarian owners: All three questionnaires were filled out by Hungarian owners.
All of the German owners filled out all questionnaires.
Ethics statement The conducted research was neither physically nor emotionally demanding. The filling out of the questionnaires was anonym so the study does not violate respondents' privacy. The research was undertaken with great care, e. They provided a written ethical approval for the study and a written statement that there is no need for the approval of higher ethics committees.
Informed written consent was not obtained from the participants because the data were anonymized at collection although elements of informed consent were included in the introductory letter of the questionnaire. The Ethical Committee was aware of the consent procedure. The data presented here are not publicly available. However, a copy of the fully-anonymized dataset is available from the first author upon request.
Cat owners dress to match their pets in portrait series
Materials and procedure The Hungarian data collection began in December and ended in February The German data collection lasted from November until January And part of that challenge can be influenced by gender stereotypes of both humans and dogs.
This shows why matching dogs to people is far more complicated than we might predict. Dogs extend their innate social skills to humans.
Paul McGreevy, Author provided Humans and dogs: We owe them a lot, including perhaps surprisingly the ways in which we experience and express gender via animals. This often happens in negative ways, such as when women are referred to as bitches, cows, pigs, birds, chicks and men as wolves, pigs, rats.
None of these animal metaphors have much to do with the animals themselves but more to do with how we use categories of animals to categorise humans. So unpacking and challenging gender stereotypes might just also improve the lives of animals too.
Whose best friend? How gender and stereotypes can shape our relationship with dogs
A landmark analysis of gender and dog ownership revealed that owners use their dogs as props to display their own gender identities. Participants in this study considered female dogs to be less aggressive but more moody than apparently more playful male dogs. Paul McGreevy, Author provided The potential ramifications of this are important because such flawed predictions about dog behaviour can lead to a person giving up on their dog, which is then surrendered to a shelter.
Once surrendered, an aggressive bitch or uncooperative dog faces a grim future, with most dogs who fail a behavioural assessment being killed, adding to the troubling euthanasia rates in Australia. That said, the predictive power of behaviour assessment in shelters is being questioned. Moreover, the assessments are likely to be informed by the gendered expectations and behaviours of the humans who assess, surrender or adopt.
A small study in the UK in observed 30 dogs in shelters when approached by unfamiliar men and women. It found that the female dogs spent less time looking towards all the humans than the male dogs did. All the dogs barked at and looked towards the women less than the men, which the researchers suggest shows that gender of the potential adopter plays a role in determining what a good match might look like, as well as the likelihood of adoption.