Was Gandhi gay? Intimate letters go on display in India - Telegraph
Hermann Kallenbach (1 March – 25 March ) was a Lithuanian born Jewish South African architect who was one of the foremost friends and associates of Mahatma Gandhi. Kallenbach was introduced to the young Mohandas Gandhi while they were . Hermann Kallenbach," (Orient BlakSwan, ) depicts the relationships. to a new biography by Joseph Lelyveld, the love of Mahatma Gandhi's life was a German-Jewish bodybuilder named Hermann Kallenbach. His lover was Hermann Kallenbach, a German-Jewish architect and . The author describes Gandhi's relationship with the man as, "the most.
It took five years more to complete my research. You call Gandhi and Kallenbach soulmates. On a personal level, Kallenbach provided Gandhi with sound emotional support and enabled him to view himself through the lens of reflexive psychology, which was an important tool in his personal development.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Jewish soulmate - Livemint
In addition to this, he was a confidante with whom Gandhi could share even the most personal matters, such as his troubles with his wife and children. Above all, Gandhi and Kallenbach were soulmates.
It is of great importance that at the end of their time together in the Kraal on Pine Road and Mountain View, the two founded Tolstoy Farm, a large-scale communal and religious experiment of great significance for the Indian struggle, in June Their emphasis was on the practical implementation of simple living, manual labour, self-sufficiency and non-violence.
Do you have some interesting anecdotes from their lives showing their proximity to each other? Whenever he had crises with his wife and children, and there were many.
When he discovered that his son stole lemons again, he wrote to Kallenbach that, "They drive me more and more into the jungles of India. A major family crisis broke out inwhen Gandhi was staying with Kallenbach in Johannesburg. Gandhi announced that he was undertaking a week-long fast and Kallenbach joined him.
One exemplary episode, which can describe the atmosphere of their shared life, was the famous story, which developed later as one of the myths about Gandhi. When Gandhi was released from jail, Kallenbach went to pick him up in his new car which was as that time very unusual.
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Kallenbach recounted this event to Gandhi secretary Desai: For the moment he was quiet, but when we got back home he berated me severely for my folly. Instead of destroying it, it remained in the garage for over a year and was disposed of. Gandhi in the middle. If you saw the craze for it here. They are an invention of the devil," he said.Mahatma Gandhi - dying for freedom - DW Documentary
Another issue was about walking by foot the 42 km from Tolstoy Farm Johannesburg when possible. Traveling by train was allowed only when it was necessary for the Farm purpose.
Gandhi used to note down in his diary the names of the people who did it. Kallenbach and Gandhi used to walk the long way many time together starting as early as 1 or 2 am but usually Kallenbach would arrive one hour or more before Gandhi.
The Farm residents, competed to see who could cover the distance. The record was held by Jamnadas Kakawho walked the twenty-two miles in four hours and thirty-five minutes. Kallenbach tried to break this record. To save time, he would snatch food from a wayside stall and toss down payment without stopping to take his change; this was faster than stopping to take food out of his backpack.
Though he broke the record by a few minutes, Gandhi did not mark him down as the winner, claiming that purchase of non-Farm foods was against the rules. What was the unique historical significance in the encounter between Gandhi and Kallenbach?
I think that one of most important contribution of Kallenbach is the establishment of Tolstoy Farm in It is impossible to over-emphasize the importance of the experiment called Tolstoy Farm and its influence on the formulation of the spiritual and social ideologies of Gandhi.
Hermann Kallenbach was Mahatma Gandhi's 'soulmate' - Times of India
In Tolstoy Farm, Gandhi built his leadership facility, a capacity which was further developed during the final stage of the Indian struggle in South Africa. These undertakings prepared him for his unique brand of leadership in India. When Kallenbach was asked by the Zionist leader and future prime minister Moshe Sharet to brief Gandhi on Zionism, and was hoping to get Gandhi support for a Jewish homeland aspiration in Palestine.
Gandhi came out with his famous disturbing proclamation: The Jews inin which he called the Jews to disobey Nazi laws, to begin civil resistance and to be ready to die as a result. This was the reason why Kallenbach came in for another visit in the eve of the war. Gandhi wrote about Kallenbach in this context, a fact which emphasizes the tension between his non-violence doctrine and what was going on in Europe.
Was Gandhi gay? Intimate letters go on display in India
Kallenbach himself named this farm after Leo Tolstoy as he was deeply influenced by Tolstoy's writings and philosophy. Kallenbach was associated with Gandhi throughout the Satyagraha non-violent resistance struggle, which lasted in South Africa until Gandhi and Kallenbach used to call each other "Upper House" and "Lower House" respectively, the Lower House being a metaphor for preparing the budget, and the Upper House vetoing for it.
The rise of Nazism and Hitler's anti-Semitic propaganda shocked Kallenbach into a rediscovery of his Jewish roots.
He wanted society there to involve no state, military or industry, in order to avoid colonialism through Zionist settlements.
The architect once again became a simple man, participating in all the activities of Gandhi's ashram life. Kallenbach wrote, "I join the whole programme. It is 'almost' as the old joint life, as if the 23 years, with all the events that affected millions of people, had disappeared.
Nevertheless Kallenbach continued his deep friendship with Gandhi, visiting him again in Death and legacy[ edit ] Kallenbach died in He left a portion of his considerable estate for South African Indiansbut the bulk was left for the benefit of Zionism. His large collection of books went to the Hebrew University of Jerusalemand his cremated remains were buried at Kibbutz Degania in Israel.
Gandhi has frequently mentioned him in his autobiographywhere he explains how Kallenbach was his 'soulmate'  in the early days of the development of his personality and ideology.